Approximately 28 million hectares of commercial and communal land in Namibia are affected, resulting in a loss of botanical and mammalian diversity, as well as a lower water table. All these factors lead to an increase in artificial droughts.
The Agricultural Sector in Namibia employs approximately 25% of the total workforce. The negative effects of bush encroachment have detrimentally affected livestock farming in particular. For example, commercial cattle numbers have fallen from 2.4 million in 1958 to just 800,000 in 2012, having a knock-on effect throughout the economy. The Namibian government estimates economic losses caused by bush encroachment at N$1,6 billion (US$ 128 million) per year.